We all know it: You should not compare apples with oranges. Or a Rolleiflex with a Rolleicord, as the Rolleiflex was a glamorous camera princess of her time and the Rolleicord a twin lens Cinderella that lacked a lot of the lustre her more mundane sister was so famous for. The “Cord” was always the Rollei for the guy who couldn’t afford a “Flex”. So far so good. But what should a dyed-in-the-wool Rolleiflex-fan like me do when he gets a broken Rolleicord for little money and manages to make her run again by cleaning its sluggish shutter? Well, he gets curious and does the forbidden comparison, with an apple in one hand and an orange in the other. Continue reading “Cord or Flex? Comparing two Rolleis”
I really like the 6×6 film format. Always have. Before the switch to digital i used it a lot for professional photography and nowadays i like to grab one of my Rolleis and shoot that magic dozen of pictures the 120 film offers me.
Have you ever wondered what happens at night in your camera cabinett when you put an Agfa Silette, one of the many nondescript german viewfinder cameras of the 1950ies and -60ies, too close to a Rolleiflex? Maybe not, but i have a possible answer: The product of this one night stand could be one of my favorite 35mm cameras: the Agfa Flexilette.
For some time i am a keen follower of the category “in your bag” of the also in many other aspects inspiring website Japan Camera Hunter and with every new post i marvel at with how much equipment we as photographers are willing to burden ourselves while walking on the face of this planet. From a compact lightweight Olympus XA to a wooden 4×5 inch “travel camera”. My most prevalent thoughts while reading are „Kudos for carrying the better half of a camera shop over the shoulder“, „That’s a camera i’d like to have“ or „I should send them a picture of my own bag some day“. Continue reading “My CL in „in your bag“”
It all began at Ebay. I was looking for new lenses for my Leica IIIf and entered „lens, 39mm thread mount“. Among the results was a lens i had never heard of before, a Röschlein-Kreuznach Telenar 3.5/90mm. Amazing how many companies built lenses for the Leica, i thought, but then i read on. The Telenar was not a lens for the Leica but for a camera that was unknown to me until then: A Braun Paxette. The seller stated clearly that this lens was not compatible with the Leica. You could put it on a Leica, but it could not be focused because the flange focal distance of the two cameras was significantly different. Continue reading “The School Teacher’s Leica – Braun Super Paxette II BL”
Okay, i admit it. When i see at a garage sale an old camera i cannot pass on without looking at least once through its view finder, even when the camera definitely does not belong into the Rolleiflex-Leica-Hasselblad league like the Yashica AUTO Focos i spotted last weekend amongst some old crystal glass and time-worn children’s toys. A venerable point-and-shoot veteran with the form factor of old compact cameras like the Canonet and the Minolta Hi Matic, it had the words “AUTO” and “Focus” prominently displayed at the front of the camera. A commonplace feature of today being advertised as the technological hot shit of the mid-1970ies kindled my interest in the camera, and as it was in a fairly good condition, i bought it. Five Euros are not too much for a forgotten japanese trendsetter of its day.
It was a sunny saturday morning and having some free time at my disposal i decided at the spur of the moment to do a little impromtu camera test. I opened the battery compartment of the Yashica, scratched off the greenish white oxide from the corroded contacts and bought in a nearby drugstore two AA Cells and a 200 ISO color film. Before i loaded the film i did some dry training to acquaint myself with the camera i had just bought ten minutes ago.
The Yashica AUTO Focus has not really too much photographic finesse to offer: A three element lens with the widest aperture of 2.8 and a focal length of 38mm (reminding me of the 40 mm of the Summicron on my Leica CL), a plastic shutter release button, a rewind-crank, a lever that tensions the self timer and a peculiar button on the front labeled “Focus Lock”. Completely missing are any means to adjust shutter speed or aperture, there is also no exposure compensation dial, only the film speed can be set from 25 to 500 ASA in a little window below the lens.
The viewfinder is quite big and bright and shows an illuminated frame with a simple parallax compensation and a smaller illuminated frame in the middle which obviously definines the part of the image where the magic of automated focussing is achieved.
Following which principle this takes place remained a mystery for me while i was walking the streets taking pictures, but i read about it on the Internet later. The Yashica AUTO Focus used one of the first automatic focussing systems for mass market distribution called Visitronic, developed by Honeywell in the mid-1970ies. You can read all about it here. In my inexpert words it is based on the concept that two pictures are mirrored into the camera through two openings beside the viewfinder and electronically compare by an integrated circuit reading a rather simple optical matrix.
Actually i did not expect this mechanism to be as unobtrusive as a modern auto focussing system, but nevertheless the sounds it made when working astounded me quite a bit. Once you press the shutter, the camera starts a rather loud buzz that ends with the clicking of the shutter. The buzz i identified as the sound the of the lens moving to its focussing position. Obviously driven by a spring, it races from the nearest position (1 Meter) to the furthest (infinity). Somewhere in between the Visitronic decides to stop it in order to produce a – hopefully – focussed picture. After that you transport the film and re-tension the spring and the circle begins anew. Buzz-click, buzz-click, buzz-click. The sound of progress of days gone by.
Unlike the almost imperceptible hum of modern day autofocussing systems this sound is a sure-fire guarantee to turn the head of every subject you try to take a picture of. And there is another drawback with the old Visitronic: You do not get confirmation that whatever you are aiming at really is in focus. There is a red LED in the viewfinder of the Yashica, but its frantic blinking only tells you that there is not enough light to take a picture and you should move out the built-in flash – another new achievement of those days. At what distance the camera decided to focus on you can only see after the picture has been taken. It is indicated by a red pointer on a little scale showing well known distance symbols like mountains, figures and faces.
This rather primitive scale and the LED in the finder are the only two ways the camera communicates with its user. Otherwise it leaves you at the mercy of total automation. The camera never tells you which of the available shutterspeeds (1/8 to 1/500 of a second) or aperture openings (2.8 to 16) it decided to use. But while the automatic exposure at least works quite reliably, the autofocus is another cup of tea.
No matter whether i just shot the picture or used the focus lock which lets the camera focus before you take the picture so you have a chance to reframe the picture, the focussing of the Yashica was rather haphazard. Of the 36 pictures i shot a dozen was sharp, a dozen was slightly out of focus and another dozen was heavily blurred. Whatever made the camera focus properly or improperly i cannot say. For instance, when i took three pictures in succession one was sharp, the next was blurred, the third was sharp again.
I don’t know whether i will put a second film into the AUTO Focus. It makes no sense to have it repaired, i think – in case you still can find someone who does it. And there definitely is a certain thrill to giving yourself into the hands of this forty year old fully automated contraption called a camera. Japanese Roulette, you could call it. Every successful photo is kind of a revelation as the 2.8/38mm delivers the subtle lustre of an old three-element lens, but the disappointment of getting a blurred picture of an otherwise interesting subject is a cruel experience. In court and on the high seas we are in god’s hands. Maybe when we are taking pictures with the Yashica AUTO Focus we are too.
Here are a couple of the pictures that turned out well on my one and only film with the AUTO Focus. Not a bad camera for street photography – in case it works …
Actually, it was the celebration of a 50th birthday, half an hour by car from the town of Pisa in a tuscan winery. But for me the weekend was also a chance to take some pictures with my Leica CL in the hills of a Tuscany far from her touristic highlights where spring was already under way. With Leica CL i mean the old, analog camera that bore this name in the 1970s, not its present day digital descendant.
The CL was the wayward child of a german father (Leitz) and a japanese mother (Minolta). It was designed in Germany and manufactured in Japan, where it was distributed under the name “Leitz Minolta CL”.
Actually, i‘ve always had a weak spot for Kodak Retina Cameras. This goes back to a Retina I my uncle gave me a long time ago. The little camera had an uncoated 3.5/50 Schneider-Kreuznach Xenar lens and a body painted with black enamel that wore the scratches and blemishes of many years of heavy use. The fact that it lacked arangefinder and the viewfinder was very small made focussing and framing some sort of guess work.
But the little camera had character and i knew that my uncle, an avid mountaineer, had used it to document his ambitious hikes in the bavarian alps in the late 1930ies. Because of its light weight and small pack size it became my trusty companion on many motorcycle trips throughout Europe. It never let me down.